European Physics Olympiad (EuPhO) is a contest for high school students. In addition to the International Physics Olympiad (started in 1967) there exist traditions of regional competitions such as Asian Physics Olympiad (since 2000) and Ibero-American Physics Olympiad (since 1991). The concept of EuPhO is similar to real research situations, with short problems description and plenty of space for creative solutions.

Estonia hosted the first European Physics Olympiad in May 2017. The event took place at the University of Tartu, in collaboration with Tallinn University of Technology. The second was held in Moscow, Russia in 2018, and the third in 2019 in Riga, Latvia. The fourth EuPhO was to have been held in Sato Mare, Romania in 2020 but was canceled due to the global health situation and the Covid 19 crisis. Instead, the online edition of the Olympiad was organized with great success and to the delight of all 257 participants from 54 participating countries. The ongoing Covid crisis led to another edition of the online EuPhO in 2021. As of 2022 EuPhO is again held as an on-site competition.