European Physics Olympiad (EuPhO) is a contest for high school students. In addition to the International Physics Olympiad (started in 1967) there exist traditions of regional competitions such as Asian Physics Olympiad (since 2000) and Ibero-American Physics Olympiad (since 1991). The concept of EuPhO is similar to real research situations, with short problems description and plenty of space for creative solutions.

Estonia hosted the first European Physics Olympiad in May 2017. The event took place at the University of Tartu, in collaboration with Tallinn University of Technology. The second was held in Moscow, Russia in 2018, and the third in 2019 in Riga, Latvia.